Onychodystrophy; is any disorder of the nails which can be congenital, arisen from trauma, bacterially formed or as a result of fungal infection.  It is any alteration of nail form and structure or any of its parts. Onychodystrophy encompasses a wide spectrum of nail disorders. Caused by either external or internal, factors, nail dystrophy may manifest as a misshapen, damaged, infected or discoloured nail, either, the toenails, the fingernails or both. It represents various pathologic processes of the nails such as infectious and non-infectious disorders including Pathogenic; where nail structures are invaded by bacteria for example, onychomycosis; a fungal infection, systemic conditions such as psoriasis; a skin disease, characterised by a pitted surface, or an allergic or irritant dermatitis; where the skin has become swollen and sore. Nail changes may also be a clue to other dermatological or systemic diseases.

Possible causes of onychodystrophy –

  • A Congenital nail diseases; is a disease of physical abnormality that was present at birth.
  • Onychomycosis; A fungal infection where most cutaneous; skin infections are the work of the homogeneous; a similar structured, group of keratinophilic fungi; exhibiting an infinity to keratin, known as dermatophytes; a fungal parasite on the skin, of which Trichophyton rubrum, is a major cause.
  • Occupational factors may cause nail disfiguring, for example constant immersion in water or other chemicals and liquids may eventually affect the nail structure, drying it out to become brittle.
  • Mechanical effect; where the nail plate has become deformed as a result of constant pressure and heat remoulding the structure. For example onychocryptosis; ingrowing toenails as a result of a trauma.
  • Skin diseases; such as eczema, or psoriasis.
  • Internal diseases, for example diabetes, thyroid malfunction or heart and lung disease can affect the growth structure of the toe nail, as can a reaction to drugs such as antimicrobials.
As a Foot Health Practitioner, I can help alleviate some of these problems.  Nail thickening can be reduced to aid the comfort of the foot; likewise removal of part of the nail plate can give relief. Often thorough removal of debris from beneath and beside the nail plate can give great comfort.

Find out more and book an appointment

Call me on 07739 937 080 to find out what treatments you can receive for nail disorders like Onychodystrophy. Or you can book an appointment for a nail disorder treatment in the comfort of your own home using the following button.